“eumenides” vs the “haunted”throughout time there has been a universal question that does not yet yield a universal answer: whether or not it is right to avenge the murder of another by killing the killers. Envious of the power and prestige that the olympian gods possess (the furies are of an “older generation” of gods), the furies seek to protect their right to avenge at the end of the eumenides , athena uses a mixture of persuasion and threats to convince the furies to give up their bloodthirsty role, and instead become defenders of justice and of athens itself.
Avenge is now restricted to inflicting punishment as an act of retributive justice or as a vindication of propriety: to avenge a murder by bringing the criminal to trial revenge implies inflicting pain or harm to retaliate for real or fancied wrongs a reflexive pronoun is often used with this verb: iago wished to revenge himself upon othello. Avenge is a verb to avenge is to punish a wrongdoing with the intent of seeing justice done revenge can be used as a noun or a verb it is more personal, less concerned with justice and more about retaliation by inflicting harm.
“the eumenides” tells of how orestes is pursued to athens by the vengeful erinyes for the murder of his mother, clytemnestra, and how he is tried before athena and a jury of athenians to decide whether his crime justifies the torment of the erinyes. It is true that orestes, in revenge for agamemnon, kills his mother clytaemestra yet the darkness that is expected from such a murder, a matricide, is negated by one of the main reasons that orestes commits the murder: his fear of the wrath of apollo, who has ordered him to commit the deadly act.
In the eumenides, pythia says of the furies, “they are black and utterly repulsive, and they snore with breath that drives one back” (lines 52-53) the contrast between the two different races of gods sets up aeschylus’ second progression from darkness to light in the oresteia.
Eumenides vs the haunted throughout time there has been a universal question that does not yet yield a universal answer: whether or not it is right to avenge the murder of another by killing the killers.