Difference between cardinal and ordinal utility the basic concept in this approach is utility which refers to satisfy power that a good or service consumed possesses in this approach, it is assumed that a consumer assigns a cardinal major which can be counted. Cardinal utility measures the utility objectively, whereas there is a subjective measurement of ordinal utility cardinal utility is less realistic, as quantitative measurement of utility is not possible.
Ordinal approach to consumer equilibrium definition: the ordinal approach to consumer equilibrium asserts that the consumer is said to have attained equilibrium when he maximizes his total utility (satisfaction) for the given level of his income and the existing prices of goods and services. The ordinal utility approach differs from the cardinal utility approach (also called classical theory) in the sense that the satisfaction derived from various commodities cannot be measured objectively.
Cardinal approach refers that you can calculate or measure the utility (degree of satisfaction) numerically, while according to ordinal approach you can not measure the uti lity numerically 2 2. Cardinal utility definition: the cardinal utility approach is propounded by neo-classical economists, who believe that utility is measurable, and the customer can express his satisfaction in cardinal or quantitative numbers, such as 1,2,3, and so on.
Cardinal and ordinal utility are theories that are used to explain the levels of satisfaction that a consumer derives from the consumption of goods and services there are a number of differences between the methods in which either measure consumption satisfaction. Cardinal utility approach: according to this approach, the utility is measurable and can be expressed in quantitative terms cardinal utility approach is also known as classical approach because it was presented by classical economists. Definition: the cardinal approach to consumer equilibrium posits that the consumer reaches his equilibrium when he derives the maximum satisfaction for given resources (money) and other conditions a. Under cardinal utility theory, the sign of the marginal utility of a good is the same for all the numerical representations of a particular preference structure the magnitude of the marginal utility is not the same for all cardinal utility indices representing the same specific preference structure. Although utility cannot be measured but in cardinal approach of consumer behavior, the term which is used as a unit of utility is known as util and arithmetic numbers (1, 2, 3, ) are used for example x ate an apple and got 10 util of utility.
Difference between cardinal approach and ordinal approach cardinal approach the economist marshal and pigou etc have their view that utility can measured in the form of moneys according to them, a person will agree to pay for a commodity just equal to the utility, which he derives from that commodity. As utility is subjective it is not possible to measure it in real life and though cardinal approach prompted economists to give sight into consumer behavior, but due to the limitation economists develop an alternative approach 6 called ordinal approach or ordinal utility theory.
The cardinal approach to consumer equilibrium posits that, the consumer reaches his equilibrium when he derives the maximum satisfaction for given resources (money) and other conditions. Cardinal utility is a quantitative method that is used to measure consumption satisfaction ordinal utility ordinal utility states that the satisfaction the consumer derives from the consumption of goods and services cannot be measured in numbers.